Are Microwave Steamed Vegetables Healthy?

Microwave ovens have become a staple in many households for their convenience and speed of cooking. 

One of the most common microwave oven uses is to steam vegetables. 

However, some people have concerns about the healthiness of microwave-steamed vegetables.

Does cooking in a microwave cause the loss of essential nutrients? Does it lead to the production of harmful chemicals? 

In this article, we will explore the question, “Are microwave-steamed vegetables healthy?”. It will also provide evidence-based answers to help you make informed decisions about your dietary choices.

What Are Microwave-Steamed Vegetables?

Microwave-steamed vegetables are those that have been cooked in a microwave oven using steam. 

This cooking method involves placing the vegetables in a microwave-safe dish with a small amount of water. Next, cover the dish with a lid. 

When the dish is microwaved, the water produces steam which cooks the vegetables.

Microwave-steamed vegetables are a quick way to prepare healthy and delicious vegetables without adding extra calories. 

They retain more nutrients than boiling or frying.

Are Steamed Vegetables Good for You?

Yes, steamed vegetables are generally considered healthy as they retain most of their nutrients and fiber when cooked this way. 

Steaming is a gentle cooking method that helps to preserve the texture, color, and flavor of vegetables. 

It also reduces the risk of nutrient loss that can occur with other cooking methods like boiling.

Steamed vegetables are a great source of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that are essential for maintaining good health. 

They are also low in calories, fat, and sodium, making them an excellent option for those looking to maintain a healthy weight. 

Tips for Healthy Microwave Steaming 

Sure, here are some tips for steaming vegetables in the microwave:

  • Choose the right vegetables

Vegetables that are good for steaming in the microwave include broccoli, cauliflower, carrots, green beans, and asparagus.

  • Cut vegetables into uniform pieces

Cut vegetables into similar-sized pieces to ensure even cooking.

  • Add water

Add a small amount of water to a microwave-safe dish to create steam and prevent the vegetables from drying out.

  • Cover the dish

Cover the dish with a microwave-safe lid or plastic wrap to trap steam and promote even cooking.

  • Microwave on high

Microwave the vegetables on high for 2-5 minutes, depending on the vegetable and the desired level of doneness.

  • Stir halfway through

Stir the vegetables halfway through cooking to ensure even cooking.

  • Let stand

Let the vegetables stand for a minute or two after cooking to allow them to finish cooking and to avoid burning yourself with hot steam.

  • Season to taste

Add salt, pepper, herbs, or other seasonings to the vegetables after cooking to enhance their flavor.

The Best Way to Microwave Steam Vegetables

Here’s a simple method to steam vegetables in the microwave:

  1. Wash and chop your vegetables into small, uniform pieces.
  2. Place the vegetables in a microwave-safe dish and add a tablespoon or two of water.
  3. Cover the dish with a lid or microwave-safe plastic wrap, leaving a small vent for steam to escape.
  4. Microwave on high for 3-5 minutes, depending on the type and quantity of vegetables. Stop and stir the vegetables once or twice during cooking to ensure even cooking.
  5. Check the vegetables for doneness by inserting a fork or toothpick. If the vegetables are not yet tender, continue microwaving in 30-second increments until they are cooked to your liking.
  6. Once the vegetables are cooked, carefully remove the dish from the microwave and remove the lid or plastic wrap. Be careful, as steam will escape.
  7. Drain any excess water and season the vegetables with salt, pepper, and other seasonings as desired.

It’s important to note that microwaves can vary in power, so you may need to adjust the cooking time accordingly. 

Always check the vegetables for doneness before serving to ensure they are cooked to your liking.

Types of Vegetables Suitable for Microwave Steaming

  • Broccoli

Broccoli is a great vegetable for microwave steaming because it retains its nutrients, flavor, and color.

It can be steamed in just a few minutes and is a good source of vitamins C and K. 

  • Carrots

Carrots are another great vegetable for microwave steaming. 

They are sweet and crunchy when steamed. They are a good source of beta-carotene, vitamin K, and potassium.

  • Cauliflower

Cauliflower is a versatile vegetable that can be steamed in the microwave. 

It is a good source of vitamin C, folate, and fiber.

  • Green beans

Green beans are a popular vegetable for steaming in the microwave. 

They cook quickly and are a good source of vitamins C and K, as well as fiber.

  • Asparagus 

It’s a nutritious and flavorful vegetable that can be steamed in the microwave. 

It cooks quickly and maintains its texture and taste.

  • Brussels sprouts 

Brussels sprouts are a cruciferous vegetable that is high in fiber, vitamins C and K, and antioxidants. 

They can be easily steamed in the microwave.

  • Spinach

Spinach can also be steamed in the microwave. 

It cooks quickly and is a good source of iron, calcium, and vitamins A and C. 

  • Sweet potatoes 

Sweet potatoes can be steamed in the microwave and make a great side dish. 

They are a good source of fiber, vitamin A, and potassium.

  • Zucchini

Zucchini is a versatile vegetable that can be steamed in the microwave for a healthy and low-calorie side dish.

 It is rich in vitamin C, potassium, and fiber.

Pros and Cons of Microwave-Steamed Vegetables.


  • Quick and easy: Microwave steaming is a fast and convenient way to cook vegetables.
  • Retains nutrients: Steaming vegetables in the microwave helps retain their nutrients as compared to boiling.
  • Reduced fat intake: Since no oil or butter is needed, microwave-steamed vegetables can help reduce fat intake.


  • Uneven cooking: Depending on the size and density of the vegetables, microwave steaming can lead to uneven cooking.
  • Texture: Microwave-steamed vegetables can become mushy and lose their texture.
  • Limited quantity: Due to the small size of the microwave, it may be difficult to steam large quantities of vegetables at once.

Can Steaming Vegetables in the Microwave Reduce their Nutritional Value?

Microwaving vegetables to steam them does not significantly reduce their nutritional value. 

In fact, it can preserve more nutrients than other cooking methods due to its shorter cooking time and minimal use of water. 

However, overcooking vegetables in the microwave or using too much water can decrease their nutrient content.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Long Should You Microwave Vegetables for Better Results?

Microwaving time for vegetables depends on the type and quantity of vegetables you are cooking.

Generally, microwaving for 2-4 minutes with a bit of water in a microwave-safe container, covered with a lid, can yield good results for most vegetables. 

However, it’s best to check the vegetables periodically and adjust the time as needed to prevent overcooking.

Is it better to Steam Vegetables on the Stove or in the Microwave?

Both stove and microwave steaming are effective ways to cook vegetables, but stove steaming tends to provide better results in terms of flavor and texture. 

Microwave steaming can be convenient and quick, but it can also result in unevenly cooked vegetables.

It can also sometimes cause them to become mushy.

How Can You Enhance the Flavor of Microwaved Steamed Vegetables? 

One simple way to enhance the flavor of microwaved steamed vegetables is to add a sprinkle of salt. 

You can also add pepper, a drizzle of olive oil, or butter. 

Also, try adding a squeeze of lemon juice or sprinkle your favorite spices.

Adding a small amount of grated Parmesan cheese or a dollop of Greek yogurt also adds creaminess and depth to the flavor.

Leave a Comment